A public agency shall be an organisation established to carry out developmental, specialist or regulatory tasks of general interest.
Depending on the purpose of a public agency, a special law may regulate certain matters regarding the status of a public agency differently than this Law.
Requirements for Establishing a Public Agency Article 2
A public agency shall be established if its developmental, specialist and regulatory tasks do not require a constant and direct political supervision, and if a public agency can perform these tasks in a better and more efficient manner than a state administration authority, particularly when such tasks can entirely or mostly be financed from the fees paid by the users of the services rendered.
The founder must be authorised to establish a public agency by a special law.
Entrusting a Public Agency with Public Powers Article 3
A public agency may, by a special law, be entrusted, as public powers, with the following state administration tasks:
1) adoption of regulations implementing laws and other general acts of the National Parliament and the Government;
2) adjudication of administrative matters in the first instance;
3) issuance of public documents and record keeping.